Stretching 760 miles south from the US/Mexico border, the Baja California Peninsula is a jaw-dropping worldwide highway journey vacation spot that’s simply accessible from the US. Break up into two states – Baja California (North) and Baja California Sur (South), the northern area is known for its wine whereas the south is understood for its unbelievable seashores and marine life.
With the Sea of Cortez to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west, the Baja Peninsula affords countless alternatives for exploration – the whole lot from waterfall hikes, scorching springs, browsing, road tacos, UNESCO World Heritage marine websites, and colourful small cities – all at a a lot slower tempo of life.
However planning a highway journey – not to mention a world one – will be demanding with navigating border crossings, language limitations, and unfamiliar roads and surroundings, in order that’s why I’ve put collectively this Baja highway journey information. I spent two months doing van life in Baja and gathered all the data you’ll must have a secure and enjoyable time in Mexico.
Wish to go on a Baja California highway journey? Study the whole lot from what to anticipate crossing the border, tenting data, find out how to get web, what to pack, and extra.
US/Mexico Border Crossing
There are two fundamental border crossing choices that individuals take when beginning their Baja California highway journey: San Ysidro and Calexico/Mexicali. The San Ysidro border crossing takes you into Tijuana and down the western route which runs via Ensenada alongside the Pacific Ocean earlier than heading inland via plenty of small agricultural cities. The Calexico border crossing takes you into Mexicali and down the japanese route which runs alongside the Sea of Cortez and passes via San Felipe.
The route you select can be as much as you and based mostly in your itinerary. I selected to cross into Mexico at Calexico/Mexicali as a result of the drive alongside the Sea of Cortez is extra scenic and fewer hectic than the western route.
Crossing the border into Mexico isn’t practically as intimidating because it appears. Once you arrive on the border, brokers will both wave you thru or ask that you just pull apart for inspection. I used to be directed to drag apart and the agent requested to open my facet and again van doorways. He rapidly appeared round and the inspection took lower than 5 minutes. As a result of I used to be planning on staying in Mexico for greater than 7 days, I then pulled into the small parking zone to go inside to get my FMM visa (extra on that under). From arrival to departure, it took about 20 minutes whole to drive via the Mexicali border.
Notice that crossing from Mexico again into the US typically takes for much longer. On my return to the US, the wait to get to the border took about 1.5 hours at Mexicali, however it may well take for much longer than that, particularly if returning by way of the Tijuana/San Ysidro border (which tends to be the busiest). I wasn’t pulled apart for inspection when crossing again into the US though that’s one thing that would occur.
Paperwork You’ll Have to Drive to Mexico
Alongside along with your bodily passport, I like to recommend bringing a number of copies of your passport to stash in your car. When you cross the border, you must by no means want at hand over your bodily passport once more. All the time current a replica if you’re requested.
FMM Vacationer Card
In the event you plan to remain in Mexico for greater than 7 days, you might be required to get a brief vacationer visa, which prices $35 USD and means that you can keep in Mexico for as much as 6 months. You possibly can apply on-line forward of time, or get it in individual on the border. In the event you apply on-line, remember to print out BOTH the receipt and the vacationer card. If you don’t print each paperwork, you’ll have to pay once more on the border. It’s necessary to notice you can not use a bank card to pay on your FMM on the border – it’s money solely, however they settle for USD.
Even in the event you apply on-line, you continue to must cease to get your visa stamped inside on the border. I extremely suggest skipping the net software and simply getting your FMM card on the border. I utilized every week earlier than crossing however my visa was by no means processed, and I needed to pay once more on the border. This occurred to all the group I used to be touring with and I’ve heard of different vacationers having points with the net software as nicely. Save your self the headache and cash and simply purchase your FMM on the border.
Mexican Auto Insurance coverage
Automobile insurance coverage is required by Mexican legislation as a result of US insurance policies can not show your monetary accountability to the Mexican authorities – your US automotive insurance coverage is not going to work in Mexico. There are a lot of firms that you could get automotive insurance coverage via, however essentially the most extremely advisable (and what I went with) is Baja Sure.
Pet Vaccinations Data
If you’re bringing your pet(s) throughout the border, you will want to have their vaccination information helpful. In talking with a number of canine homeowners, none of them have been requested for any information on the border, anytime throughout their keep, or upon re-entry to the US. Nonetheless, it’s best to have them readily available simply in case. Get extra recommendations on highway tripping with pets right here.
Greatest Time for a Baja California Street Journey
One of the best time to do a Baja highway journey is between November and March. The highs vary between 70s-80s with lows within the 60s, and mixed with the ocean breeze, it’s close-to-perfect climate. It begins to warmth up in April, however so long as you might be close to the water, it doesn’t begin to get uncomfortably scorching for tenting till Could.
Winter and early spring are additionally the prime whale-watching seasons in Baja. Gray whales, blue whales, and humpback whales migrate alongside the Baja Peninsula every winter from November to March as they make their yearly journey from Alaska all the way down to their winter properties within the Sea of Cortez.
I used to be in Baja from early February till the second week of April and had near-perfect climate. It did begin to get actually scorching inland by mid-March, and the temperatures driving north have been 95F+ in early April, however so long as you are ready for warmth and largely stick with the coast for tenting if visiting through the summer time shoulder season, it’s manageable.
I’d keep away from driving to Baja through the summer time months due to the scorching warmth, humidity, and excessive probability of tropical storms from August till October.
Driving in Baja
There are mainly two main roads that run via Baja: Freeway 1 (crossing from Tijuana all the way in which south to Cabo) and Freeway 5 (crossing from Mexicali). The roads are fairly slender with potholes and minimal shoulders, so remember to take it gradual and concentrate when you’re driving.
There are roughly 6 navy checkpoints alongside the highways in Baja all the way in which all the way down to Los Cabos. These are normally fast checks to ensure you shouldn’t have any medicine or weapons with you, and they’re going to normally ask questions like “¿de dónde vienes?” (the place are you coming from?) and “¿adónde vas?” (the place are you going?).
It may be intimidating seeing males with giant weapons, however they’re sometimes pleasant and non-confrontational. Typically they’ll wave you thru the checkpoint, and typically they’ll ask to look inside your car – I used to be requested to open my facet door about 50% of the time. I extremely suggest conserving your valuables out of sight and staying within the car or standing proper alongside to observe as they search your van, simply to be secure. I personally didn’t have any points throughout these checkpoints.
Ideas for Driving in Baja
- Keep away from driving at night time: this isn’t a private security concern, it is because there are sometimes cows and different roadside hazards which might be laborious to see.
- Gas up usually: Gasoline stations will be few and much between on the lengthy stretches of highway and typically they run out of fuel. Remember to refill usually.
- Convey a spare tire: Baja has tons of bumpy filth roads and the possibilities of getting a flat are excessive. Be sure you have a spare tire and it’s aired up.
- Watch out for pace bumps: Baja is infamous for sneaky pace bumps as you get nearer to cities. Typically they’re signed as “Tope”, however many occasions they don’t seem to be they usually can actually check your car’s suspension.
- Have pesos readily available: Some fuel stations are money solely, so remember to have sufficient pesos in your car.
- Save the Inexperienced Angels quantity: The Inexperienced Angels are a government-funded patrol crew that acts much like AAA in Baja. Save this quantity: 01-800-987-8224 in case of emergency. They’ll help with mechanical points, towing, accidents, and extra.
- Know frequent driving etiquette: Drivers will flash their hazards to sign you to decelerate, sometimes as a result of there’s a highway hazard (normally cows or goats) forward. When drivers flip their left-hand flip sign on the freeway, it means it’s clear/OK to go (that is normally completed by semis or slower automobiles).
What to Pack for a Baja California Street Journey
A Baja highway journey requires somewhat extra preparation and packing than most different highway journeys. If you’re heading all the way down to Mexico with mates, ensure you have all of the necessities lined between you. For instance, I didn’t personally deliver restoration boards or an air compressor, however a number of of my journey companions had these gadgets. This record is tailor-made to these planning on automotive tenting in Baja and/or touring in a van, so preserve that in thoughts if you’re renting a automotive or staying in inns/Airbnbs.
Listed here are the necessities to pack for a Baja highway journey:
- Max Trax – to get unstuck from comfortable sand seashores. Restoration boards are a should for Mexico!
- Foldable shovel – additionally important to dig your self out in the event you get caught.
- Tire deflator – in the event you plan to spend so much of time seashore tenting or offroading, having the ability to deflate your tires to a set PSI simply and rapidly is de facto handy.
- Transportable air compressor – to have the ability to refill your tires to the right PSI if you hit pavement once more
- Tow strap – one other method that can assist you get unstuck
- Spare tire – there are many bumpy, filth roads in Baja so ensure your spare is aired up simply in case.
- Walkie-talkies – important if you’re caravanning. That is the best approach to talk about navy checkpoints, highway hazards, fuel station stops, and simply passing the time on lengthy drives! There’s restricted cell sign on many sections, so walkie-talkies are a should.
- Further water jug or adapter – there are “agua purificada” water refill stations all over the place in Baja, however when you’ve got a hose fillup (particularly one which screws on), you will have a tougher time discovering locations to get water. Both deliver an additional water jug, funnel, or discover an adapter to make refilling water a breeze.
- Sand-proof mat – sand is inevitable throughout a Baja highway journey, however a sand mat makes it lots simpler to handle.
- Shade construction – my van has an hooked up awning which got here in helpful on scorching, sunny days. In the event you don’t have one, we suggest the transportable MoonShade because it matches on a wide range of automobiles and is price range pleasant (use the code “BEARFOOTTHEORY” to get 10% off and discover our full evaluation right here).
- Snorkel gear – there are tons of superior snorkeling spots proper from the seashores so I extremely suggest bringing your personal gear!
- Inflatable SUP or raft – deliver your favourite water toys as a result of there are unbelievable paddling alternatives, particularly on the Sea of Cortez facet of the peninsula.
- Prescriptions and private care gadgets – ensure you deliver sufficient meds to final you the length of your journey, and possibly further in the event you’re not fairly positive how lengthy you’ll be staying since not all prescriptions will be crammed in Mexico. I’d additionally suggest bringing alongside digestive enzymes when you’ve got a delicate abdomen.
- Specialty meals – it was laborious to search out nice vegetarian/vegan choices on the grocery shops in most cities (exterior of main cities like La Paz and Cabo). I like to recommend stocking up in your favourite dry/non-perishable meals and gadgets equivalent to tofu, shelf-stable oat milk, snacks, plant-based meats/cheeses, and so on.
- Pet food – replenish in your favourite model (and produce further!) as a result of you’ll seemingly not be capable of discover your favourite model in Mexico.
- Jerry can – I personally didn’t deliver a jerry can for further gas and as an alternative made positive to refill anytime I noticed a fuel station, however deliver one alongside if you’d like peace of thoughts or plan to go severe off-roading.
- Inflatable lantern or string lights – Some seashore campsites have adjoining palapas (shade buildings) and it’s good to create somewhat ambiance on your out of doors dwelling area. I beloved having the inflatable MPOWERED Luci Photo voltaic Lantern which lit up our complete palapa within the evenings.
- Transportable rest room – dispersed tenting in Baja shouldn’t be like dispersed tenting within the US. More often than not you might be on uncovered seashores or round numerous different campers, and public bogs aren’t as frequent. To be able to preserve the seashores clear (nobody desires to see a seashore overrun with poop and/or rest room paper), I like to recommend determining a #2 lavatory answer, just like the foldable Go Anyplace Rest room.
- Transportable bathe – with out easy accessibility to gyms or truck stops, it’s helpful to have a approach to simply rinse off salt & sand on the finish of the day earlier than climbing into mattress. The compact Geyser Programs Transportable Bathe supplies scorching water to rinse your self and your gear (learn our full Geyser evaluation right here).
What To not Pack for A Baja California Street Journey
There are a number of gadgets you aren’t allowed to cross into Mexico with – listed below are a number of of the large ones:
- Produce – fruits, greens, meat, or cheese. There are many grocery shops and markets in Baja for recent produce.
- Weapons or ammunition
- Medicine (together with CBD)
Tenting on Your Baja California Street Journey
As I discussed beforehand, I used to be doing Baja van life and camped for almost all of my time there. There are tons of fantastic campsites in Baja, together with seashore spots, lagoons, RV parks, and extra. iOverlander is a good useful resource for locating each free and paid campsites. Right here’s what that you must find out about tenting in Baja:
Seashore Tenting in Baja
- Most seashores are public (free), however some require a small price that goes towards upkeep, trash assortment, and (typically) pit bogs.
- Common paid value: 100-200 pesos/night time ($5-10 USD). Some spots will cost further if you’d like a palapa (shade construction). Money solely.
- Charges are normally collected within the afternoon, however typically there may be somebody who will accumulate the price upon arrival.
- Beware of sentimental sand – it’s a ceremony of passage getting caught in sand in Baja. Remember to be ready with restoration boards and a tow strap.
RV Parks and Paid Campgrounds
- Common value for dry tenting: 160-600 pesos/night time ($8-30 USD). Sometimes money solely.
- Many RV Parks are first-come, first-serve and don’t settle for reservations.
- Most cost a unique value for hookups vs. dry tenting, so remember to ask for what sort of spot you want.
- Typical facilities embody on-site laundry, showers, and Wi-Fi (though Wi-Fi is commonly very gradual and unreliable).
- Some RV parks will help you bathe even in the event you don’t keep in a single day. I paid 50-100 pesos ($2.50-$5) to bathe at RV parks, and would attain out by way of Whatsapp forward of time.
Cell Telephones + Wifi in Baja
Some cafes in bigger cities can have sturdy Wi-fi, however typically, Wi-fi is tough to come back by and fairly gradual in Baja. It’s a lot simpler to remain related in the event you both deliver your current T-Cell plan with you to Baja (they use native Telcel towers) or purchase a neighborhood Telcel SIM card in Mexico.
If you don’t require sturdy cell sign or limitless knowledge, you will get by utilizing T-Cell or doubtlessly one other US service, though most individuals I spoke with had very spotty reference to Verizon and AT&T.
If you would like the quickest, most dependable service, I extremely suggest shopping for a neighborhood Telcel SIM card from any OXXO retailer (much like a 7/11). You have to an unlocked telephone so as to use Telcel. Regardless that T-Cell makes use of the identical towers, the sign was by no means as sturdy as these with Telcel plans. I initially paid USD $7.50 + $2.50 activation price for a SIM card with 4.5GB of information that lasts as much as 30 days. Since I work remotely, I wanted extra knowledge than the plan supplied, however with a Tecel plan, it’s also possible to purchase limitless knowledge at 2 hours for $.75 and prime up when wanted. That is by far one of the best and most financial approach to get dependable web in Baja in the event you’re working remotely and/or staying for an prolonged time period.
Roaming Rivers put collectively a working in Baja e-book that I purchased forward of time that helped information me step-by-step via the method of getting a SIM card and establishing limitless knowledge that I extremely suggest. I additionally suggest turning on “Low Knowledge” mode as quickly as you cross the border and leaving your telephone on airplane mode anytime you’re not utilizing it to make sure you protect your knowledge.
Along with getting your telephone arrange, listed below are a number of useful apps to obtain:
- iOverlander: nice for locating campsites, water refill stations, dump stations, laundromats, mechanics, eating places, showers, and extra.
- Google Maps: remember to obtain maps for offline use forward of time.
- Google Translate: you’ll be able to obtain Spanish for offline use.
- XE Conversion: simply convert pesos to USD.
- Libby: hyperlink a library card to obtain e-books and audiobooks on your journey.
I hope this weblog put up makes planning your Baja California highway journey a breeze! When you have any questions or need to share any Baja ideas, please depart a remark under.